Ataques no Burkina Faso revelam colaboração entre jihadistas, crime organizado e grupos locais


(Reuters/Joe Penney)

De facto, este último ponto tem um imenso valor estratégico associado para os jihadistas, nomeadamente em termos logísticos e operacionais:

First, it facilitates their ability to operate in previously unexploited areas, which are usually controlled by local ethnic groups, making these ties a valuable asset for Islamists seeking to expand their influence across sub-Saharan countries. Second, as noted above, local allies provide Islamists with hideouts, weapons and intelligence regarding possible targets, allowing them to rely on existing infrastructures instead of spending time to establish new ones.

Ora, o ataque em Ouagadougou é prova disso mesmo:

(…) the sophistication of the assault indicates significant preparations, both in terms of gathering intelligence on future target, obtaining weapons and transportation of perpetrators to the capital. Therefore, it is likely that the support by local networks, garnered prior to the attack, was the main factor behind its successful execution.

Estes ataques beneficiam quem os perpetrou, i.e. os grupos jihadistas afiliados a Al-Qaeda que operam na região, nomeadamente a Al-Qaeda no Magrebe Islâmico e o al-Mourabitoun (do qual faz parte o grupo Katiba Al-Mulathameen, liderado pelo famoso Mokhtar Belmokhtar). Ou seja:

(…) while some researchers argued that the assault was intended at further deepening the recent political crisis in Burkina Faso, AQIM or Malian Jihadists have yet to express interest in overthrowing the country’s regime or any involvement in its internal affairs. The attack in Ouagadougou was rather the matter of opportunity, facilitated by the group’s ability to utilise local ties in order to successfully complete the operation. The increased media attention emanated from the long lasting siege has quickly returned the group to the focus of the international attention, serving as a painful reminder of the enduring Jihadist threat.

Em suma, a Al-Qaeda está (inteligentemente) a tirar partido da fragilidade dos governos na região da África Ocidental, sendo assim de esperar que:

[a]s Islamists continue their efforts to expand operations throughout West Africa, the countries beyond Mali’s southern borders seem to be increasingly exposed to a new nightmare.


Sobre Gustavo Plácido

An independent political and security risk analyst focused on Lusophone Sub-Saharan Africa. He covers Angola and Mozambique for Horizon Client Access.
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