The Evolution of African Peacekeeping

Excerpt from an article originally published by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS) on 26 May 2016.

The UN has 16 active missions around the world today. The work can be difficult and dangerous, and the current missions have suffered more than 1,600 fatalities so far.

Nine of the UN’s current missions are in Africa, which correspondingly hosts a bit more than half of the world’s conflicts. UN peacekeepers operate in the Central African Republic, Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, Mali, South Sudan, Sudan, and Western Sahara. In addition, the African Union leads the AMISOM peacekeeping mission in Somalia. (At times, AU deployments have evolved into UN missions, such as the 5,600-strong MISCA mission in the Central African Republic.)

Together the 10 peacekeeping operations in Africa today rely on over 100,000 troops, military observers, police, and civilians from around the world. The mandate of these missions has steadily expanded over the years. In addition to protecting civilians, peacekeepers now regularly face irregular forces like al-Shabaab, al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), or the now-defunct M23 militia in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Contributions from African nations themselves—over 65,000 personnel—have been indispensable to these efforts. They serve as a commitment to regional peace and security for both moral purpose and mutual interest. They also reflect the sustained efforts of African states and their multilateral bodies to overcome the challenge of collective action in the face of war, natural disaster, or genocide. The mantra “African solutions for African problems” reflects this drive.

figure-1-top-african-contributors-to-un-and-au-peacekeeping-missions-2015

Figure 1. Top African Contributors to Peacekeeping Operations. Sources: United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations, African Union

When looking at trends in the African peacekeeping contributions, three lessons stand out.

  1. African Contributions Are Rising
figure-2-african-contributions-to-un-peacekeeping-operations-2010e280932015-768x495

African Contributions to UN Peacekeeping Operations, 2010-2015. Source: United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations. Note: All personnel levels from December of that year. “Others” are shown in figure 1.

 

2. Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa are Conspicuous Outliers

figure-3-contributions-by-egypt-nigeria-and-south-africa-to-un-peacekeeping-operations-2010-15-768x668

Contributions by Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa to UN Peacekeeping Operations, 2010-15. Source: United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations. Note: All personnel levels from December of that year.

 

 

3. African Peacekeeping Is More Diversified and Regional Than Before

top-african-contributors-to-un-peacekeeping-operations-2010-and-2015

Top African Contributors to UN Peacekeeping Operations, 2010 and 2015. Source: United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations. Note: All personnel levels from December of that year.

To read more, go here.

Sobre Gustavo Plácido

An independent political and security risk analyst focused on Lusophone Sub-Saharan Africa. He covers Angola and Mozambique for Horizon Client Access.
Esta entrada foi publicada em Uncategorized. ligação permanente.

Deixe uma Resposta

Preencha os seus detalhes abaixo ou clique num ícone para iniciar sessão:

Logótipo da WordPress.com

Está a comentar usando a sua conta WordPress.com Terminar Sessão /  Alterar )

Google photo

Está a comentar usando a sua conta Google Terminar Sessão /  Alterar )

Imagem do Twitter

Está a comentar usando a sua conta Twitter Terminar Sessão /  Alterar )

Facebook photo

Está a comentar usando a sua conta Facebook Terminar Sessão /  Alterar )

Connecting to %s